Resources

Here is a partial list of resources on the topics I work on:

Slavery in New England

Brown University Steering Committee on Slavery and Justice – www.brown.edu/Research/slavery_justice/ (Report issued Oct. 2006)

Choices Program, Brown University -- curriculum materials for middle and high school classrooms on the slave trade and slavery in New England, including primary source documents to download. www.choices.edu.

Providence Journal series on Rhode Island slave trade -- www.projo.com/slavery

Traces of the Trade, documentary film by Katrina Brown about her family’s coming to terms with the heritage of their ancestor, James DeWolfe of Bristol, RI, one of the most notorious slave traders of the post-Revolutionary era. www.tracesofthetrade.com.

Joanne Pope Melish, Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and ‘Race’ in New England, 1780-1860 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1998) – ground-breaking study of how New England’s patterns of gradual emancipation created the conditions for race-based, rather than status-based, discrimination and oppression that severely limited the lives of freed blacks. Joanne teaches at the University of Kentucky but lives (mostly) in Rhode Island and speaks publicly on these issues--look for her.

Jill Lepore, New York Burning: Liberty, Slavery and Conspiracy in Eighteenth-Century Manhattan (NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005) – account and analysis of the 1741 trials of 200+ slaves for alleged arson and conspiracy.

John Wood Sweet, Bodies Politic: Negotiating Race in the American North, 1730-1830 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2003) – creative exploration of the relationships among English settlers, indigenous peoples, and Africans.

Jay Coughtry, The Notorious Triangle: Rhode Island and the African Slave Trade, 1700-1807 (Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1981) – the now-classic analysis of “the triangle trade” as “the Rhode Island triangle trade.”

Lorenzo Johnston Greene, The Negro in Colonial New England. (orig. 1942; repr. New York: Atheneum, 1968)

Robert K. Fitts, Inventing New England’s Slave Paradise: Master/Slave Relations in Eighteenth-century Narragansett, Rhode Island. (New York: Garland Pub., 1998) – debunking the myth that being a slave in New England was benign and pleasant.

Edgar J. McManus, Black Bondage in the North (Syracuse, NY: Syr. Univ. Press, 1973).

William D. Piersen, Black Yankees: the development of an Afro-American subculture in eighteenth-century New England (Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1998).

Slavery among Quakers throughout the Atlantic world

Adam Hochschild, Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2005) – how Quakers and politicians successfully promoted abolition of the British slave trade, by author of King Leopold’s Ghost.

Jean R. Soderlund, Quakers and Slavery: A Divided Spirit (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1985) – based on doctoral dissertation on four meetings in Philadelphia area, with detailed analysis of slave-owning and attitudes towards manumission.

Thomas Drake, Quakers and Slavery in America (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1950) – dated, but thorough overview.

Hiram Hilty, By Land and By Sea: Quakers Confront Slavery and its Aftermath in North Carolina (Greensboro, NC: North Carolina Friends Historical Society, rev. ed. 1993.)

Stephen B. Weeks, Southern Quakers and Slavery (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1896).

Quakers in New England before 1800

Meredith Weddle, Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2001) – excellent detailed account of Quaker participation in “King Philip’s War” (also described as the Second Puritan Conquest) between English settlers and indigenous tribes in Rhode Island, 1675-76.

Jill LePore, The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identiy (Vintage, 1999) -- another exploration of the war and more generally of how rhetoric and language about "the other" make war possible

Arthur J. Worrall, Quakers in the Colonial Northeast (Hanover, NH: Univ. Press of New England, 1980) – an update of Rufus Jones, Quakers in the American Colonies. His discussion of slavery is in the chapter on “Philanthropy” and spends much more time on anti-slavery efforts than on Friends as slave-owners.

Moses Brown

Charles Rappleye, Sons of Providence: The Brown Brothers, the Slave Trade, and the American Revolution (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006) – new, written for popular audience; focus on conflict between Moses Brown and his older brother John, an active slave trader and defender of slavery and the trade

Mack Thompson, Moses Brown: Reluctant Reformer (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1962). The classic biography; I'm not sure I agree with his interpretations.
James B. Hedges, The Browns of Providence Plantations: The Colonial Years(Providence: Brown Univ. Press, 1968, orig. 1952). Very little on Moses, virtually nothing on slavery, but a thorough account of the Brown brothers’ business ventures.

© Elizabeth Cazden, 2007

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